បាត់ដំបងសម័យលោកម្ចាស់ (The Lords of Battambang) November 24, 2008Posted by chandrapong007 in Cambodia, History.
Tags: បាត់ដំបងសម័យលោកម្ចាស់, Khuang Aphaiwong, The Lords of Battambang
ក្រោយពីអានអត្ថបទនេះលើគេហទំព័ររបស់លោកខ្មែរូបនីយកម្មរួចមកខ្ញុំមានអារម្មណ៍ចង់ដឹងបន្ថែមទៀតជាពិសេសលើប្រធានបទប្រវត្តិសាស្រ្តខ្មែរ។អត្ថបទនេះពិតជាធ្វើឲ្យខ្ញុំនឹកឃើញដល់សៀវភៅ “បាត់ដំបងសម័យលោកម្ចាស់” ដែលខ្ញុំធ្លាប់បានអានត្រួសៗកាលពីខ្ញុំនៅរៀនមហាវិទ្យាល័យនាទីក្រុងភ្នំពេញ។ខ្ញុំនឹងព្យាយាមអានរាល់ឯកសារដែលទាក់ទងនឹងប្រទេសខ្មែរដើម្បីស្វែងយល់បន្ថែមទៀតលើប្រវត្តិសាស្រ្តខ្មែរ។
និយាយពីអត្ថបទនេះវិញលោកខ្មែរូបន័យកម្មបានបង្ហាញពីមោទនភាពផ្ទាល់ខ្លួនរបស់លោកដោយបានឃើញលោក Khuang Aphaiwong មានជាប់ឈាមជ័រជាខ្មែរនឹងបានធ្វើជានាយករដ្ឋមន្រ្តីថៃដល់ទៅបីអណត្តិ។សំរាប់ខ្ញុំវិញខ្ញុំពិតជារកមិនឃើញចំណុចជាវិជ្ជមានដែលគ្រួសារមួយនេះបានធ្វើជាប្រយោជន៍ដល់ប្រទេសកម្ពុជាក្រៅពីការខិតខំផ្គាប់ផ្គន់ស្តេចសៀម។ខ្ញុំពិតជាមិនអាចរកចំណុចដែលធ្វើឲ្យខ្ញុំមានមោទនភាពចំពោះគ្រួសារនេះទាល់តែសោះ។
The Aphaiwong Family: The Lords of Battambang
By Khmerization (http://khmerization.blogspot.com/)
Photo: Khuang Aphaiwong (May 17, 1902 – March 15, 1968)
The Aphaiwong family has ruled Battambang province for over one hundred years from 1795-1907. The first member of the Aphaiwongs to rule Battambang was Chaufa Ben, a native of Takeo province, who was a powerful military commander under the reign of King Ang Eng. In 1795, with the aid of the Thai army with Chau Ponhea Bodin as a commander, Chaufa Ben declared himself the Lord Governor of Battambang and swore allegiance to the Thai kings. He pays homage to the Thai kings and since then Battambang was put under the suzerainty of Siam. As a reward, he was accorded the title of “Chau Ponhea Apheithipess” which in Thai it is called “Chao Phraya Aphaithebet” or “Aphai”. This title was later adopted as a family name of Ben’s descendants of Aphaiwong, when his descendants moved to live in Thailand, after Battambang was returned to Cambodia in 1907.
When Chau Ponhea Apheitipess Ben died in 1809, his son, Pen, ascended the Lordship of Battambang with the same title of Chau Ponhea Apheitipess. Chau Ponhea Pen ruled Battambang for only seven years and died at a young age and was then succeeded in 1816 by his son, Ros, who ruled Battambang for twenty years. When he died in 1835, Chau Ponhea Ros was succeeded by his son, Nong. There was no record of how long Chau Ponhea Nong ruled Battambang, but there was a record which shows that in 1856 he had ordered his official to buy a Tripitaka scripture from Siam to give to Wat Po Veal temple. When Apheitipess Nong died he was succeeded by his son, Year called Nhonh.
Lord Chhum, The Last Lord Governor of Battambang
Chau Ponhea Nhonh was very close with Chau Ponhea Bodin, the Thai military commander for Battambang. As such, he married his eldest daughter, Neak Mchas Klip, to Bodin’s son named Em Singhaseni. When Ponhea Nhon became old, Mrs. Klip took charge of the provincial affairs. The Thai king was so impressed of her managerial skills and so was preparing to appoint her husband, Em Singhaseni, to succeed Ponhea Nhonh. Chhum, the only son of Ponhea Nhonh, knew of the plan and became jealous and had Em Singhaseni assassinated. And when Ponhea Nhonh died in 1895, Chhum succeeded Ponhea Nhonh as the Lord Governor of Battambang. Chhum ruled Battambang for only 12 years when it was returned back to the control of Cambodia. He and most of his relatives, numbers in the thousands, moved to live in Prachinburi province in Thailand. He was, effectively, the last governor of Battambang.
According to eyewitnesses, when Lord Chhum moved to live in Thailand, he brought with him about 100 cartloads of gold and assets, taxed from Khmer farmers in Battambang.
Khuang Aphaiwong, A Khmer becoming the Prime Minister of Thailand
Lord Chhum, the last governor of Battambang, had more than 40 wives. Among the 40 wives, he had one Thai wife named Rord who bore him a son named Khuang who took the surname of Aphaiwong when his family moved to live in Thailand after Battambang was returned to Cambodia in 1907.
Khuang Aphaiwong was born in Battambang on May 17, 1902 and died on March 15, 1968 in Bangkok, Thailand. He served three times as the prime minister of Thailand.
He attended the Debsirin school and the Assumption College in Bangkok, and studied engineering at the Ecole Centrale de Lyon in France. After his return to Thailand he worked in the telegraph department, finally becoming the director of the department.
Khuang was one of the most important leaders of the 1932 coup that reformed the Thai monarchy from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy.
Khuang received the title as a major, when he joined the guard of King Rama VII, King Prajadipok, in World War II. The Thai king also bestowed upon him the title of Luang Kovit Aphaiwong. He had served as a minister of subsequent Thai governments before elected as prime minister on August 1, 1944. On August 17, 1945, after public pressures, he resigned to make way for a new administration.
In 1946 he was one of the founders of the Democrat Party, and became its first leader. His Democrat Party won the fourth national elections on January 6, 1946, which gained him a second term as prime minister starting on January 31. Only 45 days later, on March 24, his government was censured by a motion in the parliament and he resigned.
On November 10, 1947, he became prime minister a third time following a coup d’état led by Phin Chunhawan. However, the coup leaders were not pleased with the performance of Khuang’s government and forced him to resign on April 8, 1948.
The Aphaiwong Legacy
The Aphaiwongs had ruled well and, at times, misruled Battambang, depending on who you talked to. The Aphaiwong family was both loved and hated by many Battambang natives due to their feudal and oppressive rules. Many people who benefited from their rules loved them and cried when the family moved to Thailand, after Battambang was returned to Cambodian control. Many of these people followed the Aphaiwongs to Thailand but were abandoned by them. Most became destitute and decided to moved back to Battambang. Others, those who were oppressed by their oppressive rules, were overjoyed of their departures.
1. Tauch Chhuong, Battambang During The Time Of The Lord Governor
2. Wikipedia, Khuang Aphaiwong.
3. Brittanica, Khuang Aphaiwong.
Battambang Province in the map of Cambodia
From the top of Phnom Sam Peuv, Battambang Province (By Charles Kemp)
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