A Practical Guide to Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Development Programs January 16, 2009Posted by chandrapong007 in Education.
Tags: Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation
POLICY AND INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS TO SUPPORT CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION AND MITIGATION IN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
A PRACTICAL GUIDE
MUTHUKUMARA MANI, ANIL MARKANDYA AND VIJU IPE
ENVIRONMENT DEPARTMENT SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT WORLD BANK
The need to “mainstream” climate policy into development goals is well-recognized within the World Bank, as well as at the national level and among other donor agencies. Individually and collectively, international multilateral and bilateral organizations have responded to the increasing challenge of climate change with an agenda for action to integrate climate concerns into the mainstream of developmental policy making and poverty-reduction initiatives.
All have defined major new initiatives designed to help their clients mitigate the impact of past and future development programs on climate change. In addition, they have intensified joint efforts on both climate change mitigation and adaptation.
Actions needed to adapt to climate change and to limit GHGs cover many sectors of the economy (agriculture, water, coastal areas, forests, biodiversity and ecosystems, health, transport and infrastructure investment). Since all of these are affected by most development programs, one can expect the choice of policies for development to have implications for adaptation policy. More widely, macroeconomic and sectoral policies also have potential impacts on emissions of GHGs and on the nature of development in a country, which in turn has implications on the costs of adaptation. It is important for donors and their country partners to be aware of these linkages.
The purpose of this study is to draw on all available material in order to provide targeted guidance on the linkages between the design of development programs and the objectives of adapting to climate change and limiting emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs). The report should be useful to practitioners in development organizations (multilateral and bilateral institutions) and countries for a better understanding of the implications of development programs and policies on climate change, as well as the implications of climate policies on budgetary and related operations.